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Cumin

This article is part of a larger article titled "100+ Healthiest Foods On Planet Earth."  Read it here.

Cumin Nutritional Information (per 100g)

Water: 8.1 g
Calories: 375 kcal
Protein: 17.8 g
Carbohydrate: 44.2 g
Dietary fiber: 10.5 g
Sugars: 2.3 g
Fat: 22.3 g
Saturated fat: 1.5 g
Monounsaturated fat: 14 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 3.3 g
Vitamin C: 7.7 mg
Vitamin B1: 0.6 mg
Vitamin B2: 0.3 mg
Vitamin B3: 4.6 mg
Vitamin B6: 0.4 mg
Vitamin B9: 10 μg
Vitamin A: 64 μg
Vitamin E: 3.3 mg
Vitamin K: 5.4 μg
Calcium: 931 mg
Iron: 66.4 mg
Magnesium: 366 mg
Phosphorus: 499 mg
Potassium: 1788 mg
Sodium: 168 mg
Zinc: 4.8 mg

Cumin is an Indian spice used in many curry dishes to add flavour and heat. What is unknown is that it is also extremely good for the body in a number of ways.

Diabetes. Diabetics are at an increased risk of developing kidney disease because high blood sugar can cause the kidneys to over-filter blood. This over-working of the vital organs can result in damage over time. In a review by Rathore, Saxena and Singh (2013) it was found that in animal studies, consumption of cumin lowered elevated levels of plasma urea by as much as 50%.

Urea is a substance secreted in the urine and can give an indication of how well the kidneys are functioning. This shows that cumin may be very effective at reducing this side-effect of diabetes, which can help to prevent serious life-threatening complications of the disease.

Cancer. According to Cancer Research UK, more than one in two people who were born after 1960 will be diagnosed with cancer at some point in their lives, and 40% of cancer cases are due to lifestyle choices. In other words, a massive number of cancer cases are preventable, and one way to protect oneself against cancer is through the diet.

In a study by Kahn et al, 2011, cumin was shown to inhibit the creation of new cancer cells, suppress proliferation of cancer cells, and there is also evidence that cumin can protect cells from radiation. These effects were found for numerous types of cancer, including those of the blood, breast, colon, lung, skin, cervix, and prostate.

Digestive health. Fiber is very important for the digestive system. There are two types of fiber; soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and is important for helping stool pass through the digestive system. Insoluble fiber can help to move food through the digestive system more easily in order to prevent digestive problems and keep bowels healthy.

In the modern western diet, fiber is not always readily available. Cumin, however, is a good source, with different types of cumin containing between 15 and 45% fiber (Rathore, Saxena and Singh, 2013).  Cumin can be added to a variety of meals in order to gain a fibrous benefit.